The superscription refers back to an occasion when young pre-king David was running for his life from actual-king Saul. David pretended to be insane in order to protect himself from the Philistines. David wound up hiding in the cave of Adullam where his relatives and various misfits came to him (see 1st Samuel 21:10-22:2).
Psalm 34:11-22 New Living Translation
v.11) Come, my children, and listen to me, and I will teach you to fear the Lord.
- “My children” tells us David was not alone in the cave of Adullam. 1st Samuel 22:1-2 reports that a herd of strays and mutts joined David in the cave. They were all refugees together.
- “…to fear the Lord.” What does it mean to fear God? In response to God’s Self-revelation and divine activity on our behalf, we choose to love God, honor God, revere God, worship God, trust God, and obey God. We desire oneness with God above everything.
- For a New Testament parallel, see Mark 4:35-41. In the teeth of a killer storm the disciples melted with one kind of fear (panic but not at the disco). The disciples then manifested another kind of fear (reverence) when they realized that right there in the middle of the boat with them was Somebody Who had chosen them AND chose to be with them AND was not affected by the storm AND could do something about the storm. The reality of the indwelling Christ is this: we have Somebody in our lives who can do something about our lives. How do we respond to Him?
- A God-fearing life and a Christ-following life are one and the same life.
v.12) Does anyone want to live a life that is long and prosperous?
- This is a bewildering question for people huddled in a cave trying to not be dead.
- The question in verse 12 cannot be separated from David’s statement about fearing God in verse 11. Fearing God is the best way to live. The God-fearing life IS the good life.
v.13) Then keep your tongue from speaking evil and your lips from telling lies!
- Fearing God and following Christ will positively influence how we treat each other. We take the high road with our mouths.
- David refused to bad-mouth Saul. He even called Saul “God’s anointed.”
v.14) Turn away from evil and do good. Search for peace, and work to maintain it.
- We see the same instructions in Romans 12:9, 17-18, 21.
- “Peace” is the Hebrew word Shalom, and it means “wholeness and restoration.”
v.15) The eyes of the Lord watch over those who do right; His ears are open to their cries for help.
- God misses nothing.
- God is up close and personal in the cave.
v.16) But the Lord turns His face against those who do evil; He will erase their memory from the earth.
- See Romans 12:19.
- On two occasions David could have taken matters into his own hands with Saul but he did not. See 1st Samuel 24 and 1st Samuel 26.
v.17) The Lord hears His people when they call to Him for help. He rescues them from all their troubles.
- We hear and read these words one way when we are outside the cave and another way when we are inside the cave.
- What if God hearing us IS God rescuing us? What if God’s attentive immediacy IS internal rescue regardless of our logistics or our circumstances? Are we okay with that? Is that enough?
v.18) The Lord is close to the brokenhearted; He rescues those whose spirits are crushed.
- The Hebrew word translated “crushed” means “broken, contrite, crumbled into powder.”
- Again it is helpful to refer back to 1st Samuel 22:2 and to the strays and mutts who joined David in the cave. They were all crushed.
- “Crushed” correlates with “humble” or “helpless” in verse 2.
- Read Matthew 12:15-21 to see Jesus fulfilling this role.
v.19) The righteous person faces many troubles, but the Lord comes to the rescue each time.
- The God-fearing Christ-following life is hard but simple.
- We face many caves, but God sees us through all of them.
- “…each time” implies the faithfulness of God’s powerful presence.
- How have you encountered God’s faithful rescue in the cave?
v.20) For the Lord protects the bones of the righteous; not one of them is broken!
- Read John 19:36 to see Jesus fulfilling this prophecy.
- It’s baffling to contrast verse 20 with verse 18. Crushed but not broken? How does that work?
v.21) Calamity will surely destroy the wicked, and those who hate the righteous will be punished.
- See Romans 12:19.
- God will apply restorative justice and mercy to everybody and to every worldly system. God will turn the world right side up again.
v.22) But the Lord will redeem those who serve Him. No one who takes refuge in Him will be condemned.
- These would be comforting words in the cave, because these mutts and strays would have felt extremely condemned by Saul.
- Life is not easy for people who fear God and follow Christ, but God helps us through all of it and saves us from the worst of it.
- Romans 8:1 says, “There is therefore no condemnation for those who are in union with Christ Jesus.”
Hebrews 12:28-29 in The Message says, “Do you see what we’ve got? An unshakable kingdom! And do you see how thankful we must be? Not only thankful, but brimming with worship, deeply reverent before God. For God is not an indifferent bystander. He’s actively cleaning house, torching all that needs to burn, and He won’t quit until it’s all cleansed. God Himself is Fire!”
Bible Study Questions:
- If you could settle on just one thing, what does this passage say to you?
- What does this passage teach us about God?
- What does this passage teach us about God’s part in God’s relationship with us?
- What does this passage teach us about our part in our relationship with God?
- How is God’s Spirit speaking to you from this passage?
- How can you apply the passage this week?
- With whom can you share this passage during the next 167 hours?
Grace and peace,
Rick Jordan (www.rickcarlajordan.com, firstname.lastname@example.org)